Unlike what many initially believed, both men and women possess mammary glands plus, what is termed as breast tissue. However, their development stops when a boy advances in age. Although that has to happen naturally, modern boys and males develop various breast conditions that spring from several factors.

Gynecomastia As A Leading Breast Problem In Modern Males

Initially, there was a lot of confusion regarding this common problem in males. That was until recently when more research was conducted about this particular problem. According to statistics, 71% of men above the age of 50 have gynecomastia.

Reality also indicates that 49-62 % of boys develop gynecomastia during their puberty. Usually, gynecomastia that develops infants and pubertal boys is termed as physiologic gynecomastia. This type of gynecomastia usually disappears on its own with time.

With that, we can say that gynecomastia tends to be temporary and in other cases, permanent. Pubertal gynecomastia, on the other hand, is that which develops during the puberty stage and still persists for a couple of years.

What Does Gynecomastia in Men Mean?

Gynecomastia is also referred to as man boobs and it occurs when a man’s breast tissue or the glandular tissue grows. In other terms, gynecomastia can also be referred to as male breast enlargement.

The condition is associated with a number of psychological and physical impacts that include low self-esteem, depression, and stress. As a result, many find male breast reduction surgery to be the answer.

Why Does Gynecomastia Develop in Boys & in Men?

Naturally, babies are associated with a certain degree of gynecomastia. Likewise, boys in the puberty stage can also witness a certain degree of breast enlargement. According to studies, these are the major causes of gynecomastia

  • Hormonal Imbalances

Generally, gynecomastia is triggered by a hormonal imbalance. In this case, the male hormones (androgens) lessen and the female hormones (estrogen) increase. Both men and women have these hormones, but in case there is a fluctuation; where these hormones rise at different levels, a man can develop gynecomastia.

  • Medications

In this case, gynecomastia happens to be a side effect of a number of drugs that a patient may be taking. Some of these drugs include; diazepam, spironolactone, anti-androgen, certain HIV drugs, digitoxin among others.

Likewise, gynecomastia may spring from the use of illicit drugs or what we term as drug abuse. Marijuana and heroin accompanied by alcoholism can also lead to breast enlargement in men.

  • Essential Oils

Surprisingly, certain hair or skin products that consist of tea tree oil and lavender have been confirmed to trigger gynecomastia in boys and males according to a study.

Fortunately, the researchers concluded that the breasts return to normal when these products are stopped.

  • Health Conditions & Gynecomastia

Certain medical conditions are also associated with male breast enlargement and these include; Kidney failure, Liver failure and cirrhosis, Hypogonadism and Hyperthyroidism, Tumors and so on.

Risk factors for gynecomastia include aging, adolescence, use of anabolic steroids, certain medications etc.

Diagnosing Gynecomastia In Men

While diagnosing gynecomastia, a cosmetic surgeon has to draw a line between the true gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia or lipomastia.

An individual is diagnosed with gynecomastia in case he only has an enlarged glandular tissue. On the other hand, a man is diagnosed with pseudogynecomastia in case he has excess fat deposit in the breast regions.

Therefore, a surgeon will conduct a physical examination of the breast tissue and the abdomen. This will help him determine whether it is gynecomastia or pseudogynecomastia.

Blood tests & Mammogram can also be required, whereas in other cases, a breast tissue biopsy may be required. A testicular ultrasound can also be conducted for further testing.

How Are Man Boobs Treated: Gynecomastia Treatment

Gynecomastia is generally treated depending on several factors that include; one’s age, the type of gynecomastia, its causes, and treatment affordability.

Different Treatment Approaches

Lifestyle Changes

The doctor may require you to alter your lifestyle by quitting smoking and alcoholism. In case you take certain illicit drugs, that will also have to stop.

Exercise & Diet

Physical exercises or physical activeness accompanied by dietary changes are immediate approaches to get rid of gynecomastia. This is necessary regardless of being obese or not.

Oral Medications

Oral medications are effective in treating onset gynecomastia and these include; Danazol, Clomiphene, Tamoxifen, and Testosterone replacement therapy.

Surgery ‘Gynecomastia Surgery’

Surgical intervention is necessary in advanced cases of gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia. A gynecomastia surgery in India can also be referred to as male breast reduction or reduction mammoplasty.

The surgery involves extracting the enlarged glandular tissue, plus skin excision in case required. On the other hand, pseudogynecomastia will require liposuction where the excess fat is suctioned out of the breasts.

The surgeries are conducted under anesthesia and won’t require a hospital stay. Surgery is an effective approach to restoring the breasts to normal with a perfect shape and appearance.

Obviously, the surgeon will evaluate your cosmetic desires and goals during the consultation. He will then plan accordingly to render your surgery safe.

How Much Will I Have To Pay For My Gynecomastia Surgery?

Your gynecomastia surgery will cost you depending on the type of surgery selected, your cosmetic goals, the surgeon’s experience, and the additional treatments.

Currently, your gynecomastia surgery cost may range between Rs. 55, 000 and Rs. 78, 000. Consider a well-trained surgeon for your surgery.

Related Breast Conditions in Males

Breast Cancer in Men

Men too can also get breast cancer and the immediate signs include a lump and changes in the skin ‘dimpling’. Breast cancer in men is also treated through chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

Fat necrosis 

Breast fat necrosis can develop after an injury or an accident and basically when the tissue fails to repair itself. Symptoms include a lump and changes in the breasts.

A surgery is only required in case the condition is associated with extreme pain. Otherwise, the lump of the dead cells dissolves by itself.

Breast Cyst

Men can also develop breast cysts like women and these cysts may be benign, or noncancerous. Normally, a surgery is recommended in case the cyst is cancerous.

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