There is alarming increase in malware attacks on businesses, and it seems that hackers are a step ahead in finding loopholes in cybersecurity measures. The truth is small businesses are at a greater risk, because they don’t often take malware concerns seriously. Also, their spending on cybersecurity is limited. In this post, we are discussing some of the common malware threats, and tips that may help in preventing attacks.
Knowing malware threats
The first kind that you must know about is ransomware, which basically encrypts data or devices, and in return, the hacker demands a ransom. The hacker typically offers decryption key after the ransom is paid, but there is no such guarantee. Then there is file-less malware, which changes native OS files. Spyware is meant to spy on user activities, while adware may expose a computer to annoying ads and links, clicking on which may install other malware. More dangerous than adware are trojans, which come off as a legit software or code, and once installed, it can impact devices and networks in different ways. Worms, on the other hand, can spread on their own from within a network, and from one network to another. Viruses are typically attached to a program, so when someone downloads and runs the program, the virus does its damage.
Is it possible to avoid malware?
Yes, preventive and proactive measures within the organization and a collaborative approach can help in preventing malware attacks. Ensure that devices are placed behind firewalls, and where possible, consider the idea of network segmentation. Also, passwords need to be strong and secure. Ask employees to use a password manager and create guidelines on how to set strong passwords. For certain devices and privilege users, it is an absolute must to have a second layer of security. Things like multifactor authentication and lockout feature can prevent hacking attempts in general.
Another good step is to install antimalware, antivirus, and antispyware software programs. There are many options available, and these software apps can help in identifying and alerting users. Also, network scanning and frequent testing are necessary steps that must be followed to find and remove malware.
Your employees need to know about safe browsing, how to find suspicious emails and attachments, and for their help, you can even choose to hire cybersecurity experts. Check online now to find more on anti-malware software, and ensure that all firmware and software, and operating systems, have been updated.